Town of Windmills LbNA # 59367
|Placed Date||Aug 14 2011|
|Location||S 30 38.540 E 024 00.186, De Aar, INT|
De Aar is a town in the Northern Cape, South Africa.
What strikes one when driving through De Aar, is not only the colourful houses showing their simple Karroo architecture, but a most remarkable feature - the many windmills standing in the backyards of the town's houses. De Aar is indeed a "Town of Windmills", as Olive Schreiner (author and women's rights pioneer 1855 - 1920) once said.
It is the second-most important railway junction in the country, situated on the line between Cape Town and Kimberley. The junction was of particular strategic importance to the British during the Second Boer War. De Aar is also a primary commercial distribution centre for a large area of the central Great Karoo. Major production activities of the area include wool production and livestock farming. The area is also popular for hunting, despite the fact that the region is rather arid.
De Aar was originally established (1902) on the Farm "De Aar", the name means "the artery", a reference to its underground water supply. Because of its central location, the government selected the location for a junction on the first railway line from Cape Town to Kimberley in 1881. In 1899 two brothers who ran a trading store and hotel at the junction, Isaac and Wolf Friedlander, purchased the farm of De Aar. Following the Anglo Boer War, the Friedlander brothers surveyed the land for the establishment of a town. The municipality was created a year later and the towns first mayor, Dr Harry Baker, was elected in 1907.
There are ancient Khoisan rock engravings on the Nooitgedacht and Brandfontein farms. Additionally, there is a "Garden of Remembrance", which honours the British troops killed in the Anglo-Boer War. The town is also home to the largest ammunition depot in the Southern hemisphere. The DoD Ammunition Sub Depot De Aar is located about 2km west of the town. De Aar is famous amongst Paragliding & Hang-Gliding pilots worldwide as it holds 2 World records & many countries' National Distance records. De Aar was also the host to the XC World Series in 2008 and 2009. During the summer months De Aar is home for several thousand Kestrels. Every evening the birds fill the sky above town and land in the big trees near the hospital just as the sun sets to spend the night.
See www.geocaching.com find under code: GC326KQ.
Hint: Combination 1902